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Eric.Q
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PostSubject: Buried    Sat Jun 04, 2011 4:51 am




Buried is a 2010 Spanish thriller film directed by Rodrigo Cortés.[6] It stars Ryan Reynolds.[7] It was written by Chris Sparling.
The film revolves around Iraq-based American truck driver Paul Conroy (Reynolds), who, after being attacked, finds himself buried alive in a wooden coffin, with only a lighter, flask, flashlight, knife, glowsticks and a mobile phone to help him escape before the oxygen in the coffin runs out. Since its premiere at the Sundance Film Festival, the film has received a positive critical reception.


Plot

Paul Conroy, a US truck driver based in Iraq, awakens buried alive in a wooden coffin, bound and gagged, with only a Zippo and a BlackBerry. Although he initially has no idea how he got there, he soon starts to piece together what has happened to him. He remembers that he and several other trucks were ambushed by insurgents, who killed the other truck drivers. After finding the cellphone, Conroy attempts to contact his wife and his employers but is able only to leave a message for both of them. Paul is able to contact the FBI, but they cut off before he can explain the situation. Conroy's kidnapper phones him and demands a ransom of $5 million to release him alive, which is later lowered to $1 million.
Conroy eventually gets into contact with the State Department, who pass him onto a hostage rescue group led by Dan Brenner. Brenner tells Conroy they are doing their best to find him however Conroy is not convinced and asks Brenner to name a person who they had saved before. Brenner claims they saved a man known as Mark White three weeks ago. The kidnapper calls Conroy back and demands he make a ransom video, which he refuses to do. When the kidnapper threatens to kill his kidnapped co-worker, Conroy reluctantly agrees to do the video. After completing the ransom video, Conroy receives a video from the kidnapper showing the female employee he knew being shot in the head. Shortly afterwards, there is a violent shaking in the coffin, and sand starts to leak into it. The stress becomes too great and Conroy momentarily considers slitting his own throat with the knife.
Later on, Conroy receives a phone call from his employers, who inform him that he was fired from his job that morning due to fraternizing with the same female employee and so if he dies, his family will not get any insurance money. Conroy states the two were just friends however his pleas are ignored. Brenner calls and explains that some F-16 fighter planes just bombed the area the coffin is in, even though they knew Conroy was in the area. Conroy begins to lose all hope and does a last will and testament in video form, giving his son all of his clothes and his wife his personal savings of $700. As time goes on the kidnapper calls with demands for blood instead of money and tells Conroy to cut his finger off and send a recording of it. The kidnapper lets Conroy know he has his home address, and states he will harm his family if he does not make the video however he will not harm his family and will tell the US government where Conroy is if he complies. Conroy films himself cutting off one of his fingers and sends the video.
Within a few minutes, Brenner calls saying they now know where he is, explaining that they were given details of where to find a man who was buried alive by an insurgent. Conroy receives a phone call from his wife and tells her he is going to be okay, and they express their love for each other. A few minutes later, Brenner calls saying that they are close and have found his location. They arrive at the apparent burial site and are about to dig up the coffin. Through the phone, digging is heard, but Conroy cannot hear digging around him. Sand begins to fill the coffin to dangerous levels, giving him seconds to live. When the group digs up the coffin, it turns out the insurgent led them to Mark White, the man Brenner earlier in the film claimed had been rescued. Paul hears his final words, that of Brenner saying over the phone, "I'm sorry, Paul. I'm so sorry."
[edit]Cast

Ryan Reynolds as Paul Steven Conroy[8]
[edit]Production

The film was produced by Barcelona-based Versus Entertainment in association with The Safran Company and Dark Trick Films with the participation of Icon Film Distribution.
It was shot in a time period of over 17 days in Barcelona.[9] One of director Rodrigo Cortés' inspirations for the film were the films of Alfred Hitchcock.[9]
[edit]Release

Buried premiered at the Sundance Film Festival on January 23, 2010. Lionsgate purchased the theatrical rights to the film and gave the film a limited theatrical release on September 24, 2010 and a wider release two weeks later on October 8, 2010. The film's first trailer premiered with A Nightmare on Elm Street. The second trailer premiered at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con International, and was attached with select prints of Dinner for Schmucks, Resident Evil: Afterlife, The Expendables and The Last Exorcism.
The film won the best European feature film of the year award at the best European Fantastic Film Festival of Strasbourg in September 2010.[10]
The film was presented at both the Deauville American Film Festival, in competition, and the Toronto International Film Festival, out of competition, in September 2010.
The DVD and Blu Ray Release was January 18, 2011 in the US and Canada.[11]
[edit]Reception

Buried has received critical acclaim. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 86% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 133 reviews, with an average score of 7.2/10. With the following consensus: "Wringing a seemingly impossible amount of gripping drama out of its claustrophobic premise, Buried is a nerve-wracking showcase for Ryan Reynolds' talent."[12] Film critic Roger Ebert, awarding the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, said that "Rodrigo Cortés, the Spanish filmmaker behind this diabolical, Hitchcock-influenced narrative stunt, makes merry mischief with camera angles and lighting".[13] IGN gave the film a perfect 10 out of 10.[14] Alternatively Peter Travers of Rolling Stone awarded the film 2 out of 4 stars, stating: "Ninety minutes of being buried alive with Ryan Reynolds: Didn't we all suffer that in The Proposal?".[15]
[edit]Awards and nominations
25th Goya Awards (2011)
Won: Best Original Screenplay (Chris Sparling)
Won: Best Editing (Rodrigo Cortés)
Won: Best Sound
Nominated: Best Film
Nominated: Best Director (Rodrigo Cortés)
Nominated: Best Actor (Ryan Reynolds)
Nominated: Best Cinematography (Eduard Grau)
Nominated: Best Original Score (Víctor Reyes)
Nominated: Best Original Song ("In The Lap of the Mountain" - Víctor Reyes and Rodrigo Cortés)
Nominated: Best Special Effects
National Board of Review Awards 2010
Winner: Best Original Screenplay (Chris Sparling)
Saturn Awards
Nominated: Best Actor (Ryan Reynolds)





在这部2010年由西班牙导演罗德里格·科特兹执导的黑色电影中,瑞恩·雷诺兹(Ryan Reynolds)扮演一名在伊拉克被人绑架的承包商,醒来后却发现自己被装进一个棺材,活埋在沙漠深处。他手边只有手机、蜡烛和一把小刀。他该怎么办?

中文名: 活埋
外文名: Buried
其它译名: 埋葬
制片地区: 西班牙 / 美国 / 法国
导演: 罗德里格·科特斯 Rodrigo Cortés
编剧: 克里斯·斯帕林Chris Sparling
主演: 瑞恩·雷诺兹,何塞·路易斯·加西亚·佩雷斯 ,罗伯特·帕特森
类型: 悬疑, 惊悚
片长: 95min
上映时间: 2010-10-01
imdb编码: tt1462758



在这部由西班牙导演Rodrigo Cortes执导的黑色电影中,瑞恩·雷诺兹(Ryan Reynolds)扮演一名在伊拉克被人绑架的合同工卡车司机,醒来后却发现自己被装进一个棺材,活埋在伊拉克沙漠的某处。他手边只有打火机、手机、一根的荧光棒、一把时亮时暗的手电筒和一支笔。活埋 剧照(14张)
  在这个窒息的空间内,他必须也只能凭借顽强的求生欲望寻求救援。这部90多分钟的电影,所有的时间都把焦点集中在了狭小的地下空间内,这就给瑞恩·雷诺兹带来了充分的发挥空间,近乎独角戏的演出十分考验他的演技,究竟能否制造恐怖气氛抓住观众看下去,将是他的第一要务。瑞恩·雷诺兹最近在好莱坞大红大紫,去年因《冒险乐园》和《假结婚》而人气爆炸,《活埋》无疑将为他的事业推一把力。本片的到罗德里格?科特斯是西班牙的电影菜鸟,倘若此片成功,他也有可能在好莱坞混出名堂。
  《活埋》由狮门电影公司出品,这个以恐怖片作为招牌菜的公司,对《活埋》期望很高,早在今年圣丹斯电影节上就以400万美元的高价买下发行权。《活埋》将于今年10月8日登陆北美院线,在《电锯惊魂7》攻占万圣节档期之前完成圈钱计划。
编辑本段
花絮

  在2007年之前,罗德里格·科特斯的作品多以短片为主,影片海报(14张)而且常常短的令人难以置信,一部名为《Dirt Devil》的作品时长仅仅2分钟,这还不算最短的,《Dentro》更是只有1分钟时长。不过,罗德里格·科特斯的短片作品却以巧妙的构思获得评论界好评,或许也是在这样的锻炼和实验过程中,他才构思出了《活埋》这样诡异巧妙的作品。
编辑本段
幕后制作

  鬼才导演的禁闭空间极端实验
  在2010年的圣丹尼斯电影节上,一部小格局的惊悚电影《活埋》引起了众多观众和影评人的注意,并招来诸多买家,最终,在小成本惊悚片上战功卓著的狮门拿下此片,也让导演罗德里格·科特斯走入人们的视野。实际上,西班牙导演,罗德里格·科特斯在电影界已经摸爬滚打十来年,其1998年拍摄的处女短片作品就曾经获得国内好评,之后大部分时间都在国内从事创作,作品也以小众独立制作为主,且短片居多,直到2007年才拍摄首部长片。罗德里格·科特斯也堪称电影界的全能选手,导演、编剧、制片、表演常常一人担当,更令人称奇的是,配乐、音效等环节,他也亲自上阵。此番,经过电影领域各类工作的锤炼,经过几部短片的实践和探索,他终于可以携好莱坞影星瑞安·雷诺兹,以这部《活埋》尝试开启自己电影事业中的新航程。
  谈及这部电影和自己之前电影之路的关系,罗德里格·科特斯也显得百感交集,“这部电影实际上确实只是我的第二部剧情长片,但是我可以声明,这对我来说不只是一次全新的体验而已,甚至可以说是我将经历的所有未来的电影体验:在一个木制的箱子里拍摄整部电影实在不算一种常见的做法,据我所知,还没有人之前做过这样的事情。而对于一位导演来说,拍一部之前没有类似形式的电影,就算一个显而易见的拍摄动机,不是吗?!”
  史无前例的棺材中的演技磨炼
  这样一部极端化的禁闭空间电影,对于演员,显然是莫大的考验,而罗德里格·科特斯本次选择的是瑞安·雷诺兹,谈到他的这个选择,导演表示这一切都源自那部《九度空间》,“我在几年前的一次电影节上看到了约翰·奥古斯特导演的《九度空间》,在影片开始阶段我就被震撼的张大了嘴,接着便无法再闭上直到影片结束。他对时间的那种感觉相当有超自然的味道,他的表演天才自然的散发,但是我也同时认为我恐怕很难邀请到这样的演员”,但是事情的发展超乎了罗德里格的预料,瑞安·雷诺兹仔细读了编剧克里斯·斯帕林天才的剧本,看了罗德里格的首部电影长片,读了他的邀请声明,接着便决定与罗德里格会面。两人在洛杉矶会面,40分钟的会谈后,他们以友好的握手宣告了这次合作的达成。
  罗德里格·科特斯对瑞安·雷诺兹的信任是有道理的,在《九度空间》(2007)中,瑞安·雷诺兹一人扮演了电视明星、电视制片人、视频游戏设计师三个角色,三个角色,三段各自独立的故事,彼此又看上去存在联系,这样的格局下,瑞安·雷诺兹仍然出色的完成了表演,足见其演技之成熟扎实。实际上,在加拿大出生的瑞安,在少年时代就进入演艺圈,成为童星,此后在电视剧领域锤炼多年,终于开始跻身好莱坞,在一些电影中出任配角。《九度空间》无疑是其演艺生涯重要的转折点,凭借精湛的演技,他也有更多机会在影片中担当重要角色。
  这次在《活埋》中,尽管不必一人分饰三角,却又将迎来在木盒中施展演技的更大考验。对此,他自己也有充分的体会,为了体会那种感觉,他经常在家中把自己关在一个小屋中去体会一种幽闭的感觉,“这部电影真是我拍过的最奇怪的电影,我将是这部电影中唯一的角色,但是我依然设法解决这样的困难,我会在家中有足够时间去体会这样的表演,当然,这不是说我会把自己活埋了。”
  禁闭空间中的情绪体验
  在这部电影中,罗德里格·科特斯试图营造一种不安和悬疑的氛围,一种不一样的惊悚感觉。为什么男主角在这样一个如同地狱一般的棺材里?他究竟该如何逃出这里?这部影片巧妙的制造了一种求解饥渴,观众被这种气氛深深感染,迫切的想知道真相。而实际上,同时,这个令人窒息的棺材之外似乎也正发生着什么,导演却让主人公无法体会,让观众无法看到,在这个幽闭的空间,观众的思维和视线也自然的被“禁闭”到主人公身上,进入他的大脑,去随着他体会这种恐惧。导演表示,这部电影实际上就在这个禁闭的氛围中,将人生中可能经历的情绪集中体现:痛苦,惊恐,绝望,平静,自我否认,暴力,恐惧,希望,悲伤,悲痛,愤怒,疲劳……人们会从主人公的经历中逐步体会这一切,直到最后一刻。你可能很难将这部影片与其它影片相比,因为他确实是一部独一无二的电影,甚至会被观众和影评人谈论若干年,而正是这种别具一格的惊悚体验,或许会给你以精神和情感上巨大的冲击,体会一种禁闭空间中的绝望,进而为生活在开阔的人生空间而感到一丝温暖。
编辑本段
一句话评论

  《活埋》整个故事都发生在棺材里,但是却聪明地寻得了一份空间去表现充满恐惧感的剧情,甚至动作场面。——《综艺》
  如果一部电影能让我对角色感同身受,真正的在情绪上驱使我在恰当的时段悲伤、激动,能够让我在观看影片时,一直坐在座位的边上紧张的注视它,那么在我看来,这就是一部优秀的电影,而《活埋》正做到了这一点。
  它新奇,它创新,它提供了精彩绝伦的表演,充满创造力的导演,紧凑的剧本和天才的紧张氛围营造,这一切构建起了这部你甚至感到不会再见到第二部的精彩电影。[1]
编辑本段
影片赏析

  开片,一片漆黑,只有一段长时间的、沉重、急促不规律的喘息声伴随着一种粗糙的摩擦声让人感受到了喘息人的深度的惊恐和挣扎。没有影像但是已足以使人感受到空间的封闭和情绪中几近崩溃的紧张。从zippo打火机的火光亮起开始,整场电影,94分钟,就是一个男人在一具棺木里的故事。
  这是一个美国人,一个跨国公司的雇佣司机。在伊拉克某地遭受劫持,被活埋在地下。劫匪留给了他一个手电筒,一个手机,两根荧光棒和一把刀。他自己还有一小壶酒,一瓶药和一个打火机。劫匪要求他自己打电话联系筹措500万美金。
  整个故事的背景并不是恐怖分子对于美国军人的袭击或报复行动,只是一个伊拉克人因为美国公司在伊拉克的扩张失去工作后走上犯罪道路的过程。在伊拉克的这个平民劫匪眼中,所有的美国人都是一样的。他们不是什么意识形态的冲突或者任何现在政治斗争所宣传的一些所谓人权、思想的斗争。只是最原始最基本的要求,钱。在这个劫匪眼里,美国人都是有钱的。但是从整个人质自救的过程中,影片所表现的就是,作为一个普通的美国人,他们同样贫穷,生活没有保障。
  在整个挣扎自救的过程中,这个叫Paul的美国人拨打了911,FBI,自己服务的公司,家人,朋友等,均受到了不同程度的冷漠、责任推诿和机构的官僚作风。影片让人心里倍感冲击和心酸的有三个情节。打给911要求hold on,打给FBI要求明确部门已经不是什么新鲜桥端。但是他打给朋友只要求对方报出现在他拨打的这个号码,却只因为他情绪激动,语气不够礼貌而遭到了拒绝。透过这种嘲讽式的对话过程,让人在随着主人公感到深深绝望的同时感受到了无奈和愤慨。但是现实生活中,我们又多少次扮演着这两种角色。第二个比较受冲击的就是,他的公司居然在他拨打电话求救并知悉他被埋在沙漠的一具棺木里后,没有积极想办法营救,而是要求他接受电话录音谈话,要求Paul承认自己违反了公司约定和公司内部员工有亲密关系,并就地解决他的劳工合同的续约,这样在Paul 死后,他们就不需要给他的家庭支付保险费用。这样一段对话,极端地反映了现在社会的公司,已完全为资本关系控制,没有任何人情和道义。而最后导演博人心跳的最后一击就是FBI在沙马上快溢满整个棺木时打电话告诉Paul,他们马上要找到他了,让他坚持住。让本来已经决定等死的Paul重新燃起了希望。但是他们居然搞错了对象,找到的是另一个。(找到的那个人还是先前说已救出的人)真是让Paul临死还调侃他一下。最后片尾音就是FBI一句无奈的对不起,这样的对不起充斥着整个影片。这种对不起有作为个人的同情,有作为机构的推诿,有共情的无奈。多少误会,多少希望在”对不起”中烟消云散。想起了不知谁说的一句话,这个世界上我谁都对不起。他人、家人、自己,当自我都不能被自己掌控时,你哪有承担义务和兑现责任的权力和可能性。
  影片通过这个过程,要表达的主旨也许就是反映现代社会中,个体生存的孤独和无助。和我在观看中猜测的结局不同的是,Paul拍的最后给他家庭的视频并没有传到劫匪手里,也没有因此感动他们,没有呈现“人间有真情,人间有真爱”的设想,没有留给人一丝希望就是现在世界和民族之间的各种纷争还有可能因为爱而化解。导演所要表现的是对人类发展的彻底绝望。个体生活在一群官僚、麻痹、丝毫没有责任感和道义之称的各种机构组织中。人与人之间的关系已经超出了自我可以掌控的范围。从任何一个个体的处境来说他们都是值得同情的,但是他们之间形成的矛盾已经到了无法挽回也无法化解的地步。人情冷漠已无法靠自我激励得到升温。整部影片让人感受到的就是对人类社会发展的一种绝望,就像在棺木里挣扎着的Paul。世界对你来说狭小而黑暗,你不清楚外面到底怎样。你依靠的生存手段就是科技。科技的发展似乎带给了你无限的生机和可能。但是它也是机构和他人统治你的工具。劫匪就是通过这个手机控制他的行为,要求他拍摄自残视频来威胁美国政府。他的公司也是通过手机让他在完全没有可以还击的情况下,中断了对他的义务。各种你以为可以依靠的机构或者一直以来它们宣称可以让你信任、让你依赖、服务于你的机构,当你处在困境的时候,通过这几通电话就已经非常明确地让你破灭了这种幻想。所有这些电话的对话场景在我们现实生活中是如此熟悉。但是只有通过导演设置的这种极端的危机场景中,才能让人感受到其实我们有多么无助和孤独。
  夫妻关系,子女和父母之间的关系,在这样自我控制逐渐丧失又不断想找寻自我的这样一个过程里,总是敏感、脆弱和矫情。也只有在人最基本的生存受到威胁时,才会回归到最平和的状态。我们都理解,但是我们都摆脱不了。这自然也是影片需要反映的社会生活关系内涵的一个重要部分。同类的电影还有布拉德.皮特演的一个类似题材的电影BARBEL(中文名通天塔)中也反映过。
  影片巧妙地通过一具地下的棺木将现代人生活的困境极端化、符号化。影片结尾,镜头从棺木上方无限拉长的时候,表现出了现代人的生活空间就是一个狭小的深渊。影片的结局,Paul在满怀希望的刹那被告知一切生机只是误会。他失去的是身和心灵的希望。这样的结局非常沉重。但是还是那句话,悲剧才能发人深省。
  世界发展到现在这个阶段。民族之间的竞争和仇恨已经伴随着经济、资本、人口和资源的扩张不断加深。不要相信任何所谓机构的承诺,在这个世界上生存,你需要的是自我判断的能力。








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